The Geography of Republic of Cameroon
Cameroon is a country in west Central Africa; officially known as the Republic of Cameroon. The country is bordered by Nigeria, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of Congo, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea. The highest elevation of the country is Mount Cameroon near the coast (height=4,069 m; 13,350 feet). Major rivers include Benue, Sanaga and Nyong.
The Government of Republic of Cameroon
After a 1972 plebiscite, the unitary republic had been formed out of the West and East Cameroon in order to replace the former federal republic.
The brief history of Republic of Cameroon
Baka People were probably the first dwelled in the land of Cameroon. They still dwell in the forest of east and south. Bantu language speakers were among the fist groups to settle Cameroon. In the year of 1884 all the Cameroon and some of its neighbored part became a German colony, having the German Dominion. At the end of the First World War, the League of Nations gave the British a mandate over 20 percent adjacent to Nigeria and the French 80 percent of the area. And after the Second World War, the Cameroon People’s Union appeared as dominant party campaigning for independence.
Becoming an independent republic
In the year of 1957, France set up the Cameroon as an independent state and in 1959, Cameroon formed its fully independent government. Cameroon became an autonomous republic in the very first day of 1960. And finally, the southern part under the British territory joined the Federal Republic of Cameroon.
Because of the expansion of oil and coffee exports, the economy of the Cameroon has significantly improved, but corruption and environmental degradation remains a great concern. With the great investment of the World Bank, Cameroon began the transmission of oil by June 2000.